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4 edition of Diversity versus stability in ecosystems found in the catalog.

Diversity versus stability in ecosystems

Terence John Carleton

Diversity versus stability in ecosystems

by Terence John Carleton

  • 320 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Toronto in [Toronto] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Ecology -- Mathematical models,
  • Hutchinson, Thomas C.,,
  • Stability

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 13-15.

    StatementT.J. Carleton ; instructor, T.C. Hutchinson.
    SeriesPub[lication] - Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Toronto -- no. ES-22
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQH541.15M3 C3
    The Physical Object
    Pagination15 p. --
    Number of Pages15
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18859160M

    years and designed to explore the role of biological diversity in maintaining the stability of coastal ecosystems. The experiments were designed to test theoretical predictions and mechanisms that explain the effects of biodiversity. So, at the first glance, the scope of this thesis might seem confined to the academic realm. A classic model for ecological stability revised, 40 years later Predator-prey relationships stabilize diverse ecosystems, according to calculation. Febru A famous mathematical formula which shook the world of ecology 40 years ago has been revisited and refined by two University of Chicago researchers in the current issue of Nature.

    Ecosystems are the basis of life and all human activities. Conservation of biological diversity is very important for the proper functioning of the ecosystem and for delivering ecosystem services. Maintaining high biodiversity in agroecosystems makes agricultural production more sustainable and economically viable. Agricultural biodiversity ensures, for example, pollination Cited by: 2. I suspect that diversity per se has little to do with the stability of most marine systems, i.e., the nondiverse systems are just as stable as those that are diverse. More to the point is whether characteristic diversity confers some predictability to by:

      Maintaining long-term stability in agriculture, ecosystems, or organizations by creating and supporting complementary diversity. AskNature Team Growing more diverse crops to act as a fail-safe if one crop fails.   (, February 12). Stability in ecosystems: Asynchrony of species is more important than diversity: Temporal fluctuations in species ensure stability in ecosystems. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April.


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Diversity versus stability in ecosystems by Terence John Carleton Download PDF EPUB FB2

Stability and Diversity of Ecosystems Anthony R. Ives1 and Stephen R. Carpenter2 Understanding the relationship between diversity and stability requires a knowledge of how species interact with each other and how each is affected by the environment.

The relationship is File Size: KB. Diversity, stability and maturity, like niche and competitive exclusion, have been at the centre of much discussion. By covering a wide spectrum of meanings these terms have been useful in stimulating—and also in muddling— by: biodiversity and the stability of ecosys tem functioning 87 Table Effects of diversity on resilience of ecosystem properties following a perturbation.

Reference Stability property Trophic. Stability and diversity of ecosystems. Ives AR(1), Carpenter SR. Author information: (1)Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WIUSA. [email protected] Understanding the relationship between diversity and stability requires a knowledge of how species interact with each other and how each is affected by the by: A wealth of research into the relationships among diversity, stability, and ecosystem functioning has been conducted in recent years (reviewed by Balvanera et al.Hooper et al.

Although diversity-ecosystem theory predicts that ecosystem functioning is strongly determined by species number, species traits play an important role in regulating ecosystem-level : Na Zhao, Na Zhao, Xinqing Shao, Kun Wang.

Thus, beta diversity allows us to compare diversity between ecosystems. Gamma diversity is a measure of the overall diversity for the different ecosystems within a region. Hunter ( ) defines gamma diversity as "geographic-scale species diversity".

In the example in Table, the total number of species for the three ecosyst which. Biological diversity (biodiversity) helps to maintain healthy ecosystems, e.g., water quality, primary production, and decomposition. Biodiversity is therefore an important component of ecosystem services, which contribute to healthy, human livelihoods.

Increasing biodiversity results in increased ecosystem stability (Cardinale et al., ). Conversely, declines in biodiversity can have major implications for ecosystem. Chapter 2: Biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services. 35 provided mainly by a diverse range of species which bind and stabilize sediments and create natural sea defences, for example salt marshes, mangrove forests, kelp forests and sea grass beds (Rönnbäck et al.

Other experiments have found that the positive diversity–stability correlation is not a pure species effect (that is, a diversity effect), and have indicated that ecosystem Cited by:   Stability has a rich history in ecology. Theoretical research has explored how numerous features of ecosystems affect stability, including diversity (number of species), the strength of interactions among species, the topology of food webs, and the sensitivities of species to different types of environmental by: The Relationship between Species Diversity and Ecosystem Function in Low- and High-diversity Tropical African Forests Kelvin Seh-Hwi Peh Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy The University of Leeds School of Geography July, The candidate confirms that the work submitted is his/her own and File Size: 1MB.

Timothy D. Schowalter received his Ph.D. degree in Entomology from the University of Georgia in Sincehe has been a professor of entomology at Oregon State University, Corvallis, studying the effects of environmental changes, including natural and anthropogenic disturbances, on arthropod communities in temperate and tropical ecosystems, and effects of herbivores 5/5(1).

Despite the theoretical nature of the idea, up until the s, ecologists agreed with what became known as the diversity-stability hypothesis: diverse ecosystems are more stable than ecosystems with fewer species.

Diversity of Ecosystems. Aim of this book is to bring out a general view on the function of ecosystems, modelling, sampling strategies, invading species, the response of organisms to modifications, the carbon dynamics, the mathematical models and theories that can be applied in diverse conditions.

Diversity-Dependent Production Can Decrease the Stability of Ecosystem Functioning Article (PDF Available) in Nature () April with Reads How we measure 'reads'. If diverse ecosystems were, as a consequence, more stable, the answer would be yes.

However, stability is not one, simple property of an ecosystem and there is no one, simple relationship between diversity and stability, say ecologists Tony Ives and Steve Carpenter of the University of Wisconsin at Madison.

population stability and the diversity-stability hypothesis as applied to community and ecosystem processes, thus helping to reconcile a long-standing dispute. Key words: biodiversity; climatic variability; compensation; competition; diversity-stability hy-pothesis; drought; grasslands; prairie; primary productivity; savanna; stability.

INTRODUCTION. However, stability is not one, simple property of an ecosystem and there is no one, simple relationship between diversity and stability, say ecologists Tony Ives and Steve Carpenter of the. Stability and diversity.

The relation between diversity and stability has been widely studied. Diversity can operate to enhance the stability of ecosystem functions at various ecological scales.

For example, genetic diversity can enhance resistance to environmental perturbations. Generally speaking, greater species diversity (alpha diversity) leads to greater ecosystem stability.

This is termed the "diversity–stability hypothesis." Warning: the simple answer is greater species diversity leads to increased stability, but this is not the complete answer.

The diversity-stability hypothesis states that ecosystems with greater species diversity are more stable.The positive slopes indicated that stability was an increasing function of vegetation diversity. Higher diversity ensured higher ecosystem stability so that lower proportional change of vegetation was caused by climate anomalies.

However, ecosystem stability was not correlated with Pielou evenness index (Fig. 6 d).Cited by: 6.Among terrestrial ecosystems, forests support the richest biological diversity. The interaction of humans and forests has a long history, but recent changes have been the most drastic ever.

The rapid decrease and deterioration of forest ecosystems has been caused by social, economic, and ecological factors, which may vary locally but are common.